Project properties

Title Natural selection of (anti-) sex pheromones by egg parasitoids
Group Biosystematics Group
Project type thesis
Credits 24-36
Supervisor(s) Nina Fatouros
Examiner(s) Dr. Nina Fatouros, Prof. dr. Eric Schranz
Contact info nina.fatouros@wur.nl
Begin date 2021/01/03
End date 2024/04/30
Description Butterfly males can produce and transfer an anti-sex pheromone, a
so-called anti-aphrodisiac (AA), to females during mating to render them less
attractive to other males. AAs from cabbage white butterflies, Pieris
brassicae and P. rapae are spied upon by tiny Trichogramma egg parasitoids: when the wasp detects the AA pheromone, it hitch-hikes with a mated female butterfly to the host plant and then parasitizes her freshly laid eggs. Studies that show selection on sexual signals exerted by natural enemies are scarce. Moreover, AAs exploited as cues by wasps could be used in pest control to decrease Pieris butterfly populations and thus contribute to integrated pest management strategies in agriculture. The aim of tis project is to understand the extent natural enemies, such as
Trichogramma egg parasitoids, constrain the evolution of AAs in Pieris butterflies. You will study AAs from different Pieris populations by testing Trichogramma wasp attraction in olfactometer bioassays. You will monitor hitch-hiking wasps in different locations and correlate them to the attractiveness to AAs. By ding so, you will understand whether variation in AAs is adaptive and whether wasps prefer
certain AA phenotypes.
Used skills Lots of behavioral and field work, R statistics
Requirements Participation in courses like Comparative Biology and Systematics, Ecological Aspects of Bio-interactions, Molecular Aspects of Bio-interactions, Insect-Plant interactions